Balloons can be filled with different types of gas. The air we breathe is made up of lots of different gasses. they’re everywhere!
Types of Gas
why is helium used in balloons?
Other gasses are very light and will float away from the surface. One of these gasses is called helium.
Helium is non reactive to elements , it is present in gaseous form and good thing is it floats in earths atmosphere so we use it for floaty balloons
This is why helium based balloon decorations do need to be weighted at the bottom to prevent them from floating away but are more stable overall.
There are pockets of helium underneath the surface of the Earth. Humans collect that helium in tanks and use it to fill up balloons!
why is helium used in balloons and not hydrogen?
For latex and foil balloons to float, they need to be inflated with helium. Helium is colorless, non-toxic, odorless, tasteless and doesn’t burn.
Technically any gas that’s less dense than air will make a balloon float.
What are the differences between helium and air?
The main difference between helium and air is that helium is lighter. This means that helium-filled balloons float, while air-filled balloons rest on the ground.
The main drawback of helium is that it is significantly more expensive than using air to fill balloons. Helium-filled balloons also deflate faster; helium molecules are smaller than those found in the air and they escape balloons faster.
Untreated latex balloons filled with helium will last for 5-7 hours; they can be treated with a substance called Hi-Float.
This treatment makes it harder for the helium to escape and increases the lifespan of the balloons by up to several days.
What are good helium based balloon decorations?
- Helium is perfect for some decorations, such as numbered balloons for a birthday party or table centerpieces.
- Banner garlands can benefit from the use of helium if they are only needed for a short time.
- A helium filling is more worth for foil balloons, as a helium-filled foil balloon will stay elevated for up to seven days.
- Garlands are the most dramatic and stylish balloon decorations, and although it is possible to fill them with helium，but it is not the best choice.They have no need to float, and since helium deflates so quickly than air, this should only be done with decorations that are needed for less than 12 hours.Air-filled latex balloons don’t float, but they last for a few days with no treatment needed.
So use helium or air for balloon decorations, it depends on your situations. As you can see, you don’t have to use helium to decorate with balloons.